Who was Hammurabi?
Around 2000 BC, the lands of Sumer and Akkad were invaded by tribes called Amorites. Around 1800 BC, Hammurabi became King of Babylon. He fought the other Amorite kings and conquered the whole of Sumer and Akkad, creating the first Babylonian Empire. He is famous for his Babylonian Law Code. When he died, the empire fell apart.
The Hittite people settled in Anatolia (modern Turkey). By 1600 BC they had joined together to form one kingdom, with a capital city at Hattushash. They were tough warriors who invaded Syria and were bitter enemies of the Egyptians.
These are excerpts from my book, Ancient History at a Glance, How the Bible Connects History. You can purchase it for only $12.75 on Amazon, here.